UNDP: COVID-19 Rapid Emergency Needs Assessment for the most vulnerable groups
19 November 2020
- This assessment, jointly conducted by UNDP in South Africa and the Government of South Africa, focused on impact COVID-19 on the most vulnerable groups and looks at the income loss on formal and informal workers.
New COVID-19 research from United Nations Development Programme South Africa, the South African government, and the United Nations system across seventeen different agencies, reveals COVID-19’s human and sectoral impacts – with an estimated total cost of recovery at R336 billion, or $20.3 billion. This piece of work was developed to support the efforts of the Department of Social Development in scanning the environment in order to formulate adequate responses.
- Food insecurity is dire for 0.9 million households. Nutrition for 9 million children is vulnerable without school feeding – risking acute malnutrition or wasting. 2.5 million informal workers need cash transfers to ensure food security.
- Poverty is a risk for estimated 740,616 informal workers who could fall below the upper poverty line. Financial assistance is needed for 652,120 thousand small, medium and micro enterprises (which employ about 3 million people) in the formal sector, and 342,090 thousand SMMEs, (which support about 0.9 million employees) in the informal sector.
- Other vulnerable groups needing assistance include 266,694 refugees and asylum seekers; 200,000 homeless people; and 162,875 prisoners.
Impacts by sector
Education: needs support for online learning provision, health and sanitation, PPE for teachers, water, and curriculum review to enable as much of the year to be salvaged as possible.
Employment: income loss to the workforce was estimated at R 89 to R 96 billion during the 65 days of lockdown levels 5 and 4.
Food prices have increased, possibly due hoarding, market conditions, or supply shortages
Health there has been a significant negative impact on access to non-COVID healthcare services
Women: streamline access to food distribution, strengthen gender based violence support (hotlines, shelters, support groups), drive communication campaigns, increase police training, and legislation
Children at risk of 1) malnutrition, 2) diseases of deprivation, 3) interrupted access to vaccination and routine medical services, 4) abuse from caregivers , 5)loss of grandparental care
Older persons interventions include:1) effective access to testing and medical facilities, 2) consideration of mobility and safety issues in accessing services, 3) implement anti-infection measures in residential institutions.
1) Prevent hunger; 2) Protect people; 3) Ensure access to basic services; 4) Leave no-one behind; 5) Revive economy; 6) Provide capital credit; 7) Empower governance services; 8) Communicate
View full report here: https://www.za.undp.org/content/south_africa/en/home/library/rapid-emer…
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